National POW/MIA Museum

The National Andersonville Historic Site is located outside Andersonville in southwest Georgia. The site consists of the Andersonville Prison (Camp Sumter), the Andersonville National Cemetery, and the National POW Museum.

Andersonville Prison (Camp Sumter)

Camp Sumter, commonly called Andersonville, was one of the largest military prisons established by the Confederacy during the Civil War. In existence for 14 months, over 45,000 Union soldiers were confined at the prison. Of these, almost 13,000 died from disease, poor sanitation, malnutrition, overcrowding, and exposure to the elements. The largest number held in the 26½-acre stockade at any one time was more than 32,000, during August of 1864. Today the beauty of the prison site belies the suffering that once took place inside the stockade.

Andersonville National Cemetery

The cemetery is the final resting place for those who perished while being held as POWs at Camp Sumter. It is now a National Cemetery, serving as a honored burial place for present-day veterans. The National Park Service maintains fourteen National Cemeteries nationwide. Only two of these, Andersonville National Historic Site and Andrew Johnson National Historic Site are classified as active, continuing to bury veterans and their dependents.

National Prisoner of War Museum

The 1970 legislation responsible for establishing Andersonville National Historic Site instructed the site “to interpret the role of prisoners-of-war camps in history” and “to commemorate the sacrifice of Americans who lost their lives in such camps.” To that end, the exhibits in the National Prisoner of War Museum serve as a memorial to all American prisoners of war. The museum opened in 1998 and is dedicated to the American men and women who have suffered as POWs.

The photos in the slideshow below are of but a few of the many exhibits and monuments on this historical site. To gain the full measure of the importance of this national treasure, one must go and visit the site for themselves. The National Andersonville Historic Site is hallowed ground!

National POW Museum

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National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior, Andersonville Historic Site, Georgia

National POW Museum